Picture of the Day - Caveman Circus

2-2 minutes 9/21/2021

Scientists found a billion-year-old fossil believed to be an ancestor of earth’s very first plants

A group of paleontologists say the tiny freckles they found on a rock could hold the key to understanding the origins of plant life on earth.

The freckles, Virginia Tech researchers say, are actually billion-year-old seaweed microfossils. They substantially push back the current record of the multicelluar green plant by nearly 200 million years, according to the study published on Monday. Previously, the oldest known fossilized green alga was 800 million years old.

The fossils are so tiny — about 2 millimeters in length or the size of a flea — that they are barely visible without a microscope. But despite their miniscule size, researchers said the microplants may have contributed to the evolution of the land plants that appeared nearly 550 million years later.

The green seaweed, a form of algae known as Proterocladus antiquus, was unearthed by post-doctoral researcher Qing Tang. Tang found the fossils in a rock near the city of Dailan in northern China using maps which show researchers where in the world they can find millions to billions-year-old rocks.

Once the rocks were found, they were shipped back to Virginia Tech’s paleontological lab where each one was analyzed under a microscope. To Tang’s surprise, what appeared as just "little brownish grey freckles on mudstone rocks" turned out to be the oldest multicellular green seaweed ever discovered.